# Lotus Miner: Backup and restore

It's imperative that you frequently backup your Lotus Miner. This page walks you through how to backup your Lotus Miner, and also how to restore your backup.

# Backup

This process backs-up metadata of the Lotus miner, which is needed to restore the operation. This backup does not include sector data.

  1. Create a directory for this backup:

    mkdir -p ~/lotus-backups/2020-11-15
  2. Call backup to backup your miner and supply the destination for the backup.cbor file:

    lotus-miner backup /root/lotus-backups/2020-11-15/backup.cbor
    > Success

    Add the --offline backup if your miner is not currently running:

    lotus-miner backup --offline /root/lotus-backups/2020-11-15/backup.cbor
    > Success
  3. Backup your config.toml and storage.json files:

    cp ~/.lotusminer/config.toml ~/.lotusminer/storage.json /root/lotus-backups/2020-11-15

The backup is now complete. Always follow the 3-2-1 rule when storing backups:

Keep at least three (3) copies of your data, and store two (2) backup copies on different storage media, with one (1) of them located offsite. - Nakivo, 2017 (opens new window)

# Restore

  1. Copy your backup.cbor, config.toml, and storage.json files to the miner if it is on another computer.

  2. Call restore to restore your miner from a backup file:

    lotus-miner init restore /root/lotus-backups/2020-11-15/backup.cbor
    > ...
    > 2020-11-15T17:53:41.630Z        INFO    main    lotus-storage-miner/init_restore.go:254 Initializing libp2p identity
    > 2020-11-15T17:53:41.631Z        INFO    main    lotus-storage-miner/init_restore.go:266 Configuring miner actor
    > 2020-11-15T17:53:41.643Z        INFO    main    lotus-storage-miner/init.go:592 Waiting for message: bafy2bzacea3a7kqp3du5lwhm6xlaawxbz3ae7luefmhlcewljclauit7yexuq
  3. Copy config.toml and storage.json into ~/.lotusminer:

    cp lotus-backups/2020-11-15/config.toml lotus-backups/2020-11-15/storage.json .lotusminer
  4. Start your miner:

    lotus-miner run

The restore is now complete.