# Lotus Miner: Backup and restore
It's imperative that you frequently backup your Lotus Miner. This page walks you through how to backup your Lotus Miner, and also how to restore your backup.
This process backs-up metadata of the Lotus miner, which is needed to restore the operation. This backup does not include sector data.
Create a directory for this backup:
mkdir -p ~/lotus-backups/2020-11-15
backupto backup your miner and supply the destination for the
lotus-miner backup /root/lotus-backups/2020-11-15/backup.cbor
--offlinebackup if your miner is not currently running:
lotus-miner backup --offline /root/lotus-backups/2020-11-15/backup.cbor
cp ~/.lotusminer/config.toml ~/.lotusminer/storage.json /root/lotus-backups/2020-11-15
The backup is now complete. Always follow the 3-2-1 rule when storing backups:
Keep at least three (3) copies of your data, and store two (2) backup copies on different storage media, with one (1) of them located offsite. - Nakivo, 2017 (opens new window)
storage.jsonfiles to the miner if it is on another computer.
restoreto restore your miner from a backup file:
lotus-miner init restore /root/lotus-backups/2020-11-15/backup.cbor
... 2020-11-15T17:53:41.630Z INFO main lotus-storage-miner/init_restore.go:254 Initializing libp2p identity 2020-11-15T17:53:41.631Z INFO main lotus-storage-miner/init_restore.go:266 Configuring miner actor 2020-11-15T17:53:41.643Z INFO main lotus-storage-miner/init.go:592 Waiting for message: bafy2bzacea3a7kqp3du5lwhm6xlaawxbz3ae7luefmhlcewljclauit7yexuq
cp lotus-backups/2020-11-15/config.toml lotus-backups/2020-11-15/storage.json .lotusminer
Start your miner:
The restore is now complete.