# Comparing Filecoin

Filecoin combines many elements of other file storage and distribution systems. What makes Filecoin unique is that it runs on an open, peer-to-peer network while still providing economic incentives and proofs to ensure files are being stored correctly. This page compares Filecoin against other technologies that share some of the same properties.

# Filecoin vs. Amazon S3, Google Cloud Storage

Filecoin Amazon S3, Google Cloud Storage
Main use case Storing files at hypercompetitive prices Storing files using a familiar, widely-supported service
Pricing Determined by a hypercompetitive open market Set by corporate pricing departments
Centralization Many small, independent storage providers A handful of large companies
Reliability stats Independently checked by the network and publicly verifiable Companies self-report their own stats
API Applications can access all storage providers using the Filecoin protocol Applications must implement a different API for each storage provider
Retrieval Competitive market for retrieving files Typically more expensive than storing files to lock users in
Fault handling If a file is lost, the user is refunded automatically by the network Companies can offer users credit if files are lost or unavailable
Support If something goes wrong, the Filecoin protocol determines what happens without human intervention If something goes wrong, users contact the support help desk to seek resolution
Physical location Miners located anywhere in the world Limited to where provider’s data centres are located
Becoming a storage provider Low barrier to entry for storage providers (computer, hard drive, internet connection) High barrier to entry for storage providers (legal agreements, marketing, support staff)

# Filecoin vs. Bitcoin

Filecoin Bitcoin
Main use case File storage Payment network
Data storage Good at storing large amounts of data inexpensively Small amounts of data can be stored on blockchain at significant cost
Proof Blockchain secured using proof of replication and proof of spacetime Blockchain secured using proof of work
Consensus power Miners with the most storage have the most power Miners with the most computational speed have the most power
Mining hardware Hard drives, GPUs, and CPUs ASICs
Mining usefulness Mining results in peoples’ files being stored Mining results in heat
Types of miner Storage miners, retrieval miners, repair miners All miners perform proof of work
Uptime requirements Storage miners rewarded for uptime, penalized for downtime Miners can go offline without being penalized
Network status Mainnet running since 2020 Mainnet running since 2009